Giclee Fine Art Printing
Giclee printing is the term used to describe a high quality reproduction of an original piece of art or a photograph using archival media and a twelve colour pigment ink system.
Contrary to what you may have heard, Giclee is a word derived from the French language as a feminine noun that means a spray or a spurt of liquid. Others believe its origins lie in "le gicleur" meaning "nozzle", or more specifically "gicler" the verb meaning "to spurt, squirt, or spray".
Either way the term was coined by Jack Duganne in the early 1990's who pioneered the work started by Graham Nash and Jon Cone who combined industrial high quality Iris Ink jet printers with what we call today "archival inks". As computer, and large format print technology developed modern printers are capable of producing incredibly detailed prints for both the fine art and photographic markets.
Artist Giclee print workflow
So, what do the steps actually mean?
Digitise original artwork.
There are two methods we use to create a digital file of your work, these are a fine art scan or using a high resolution camera. Utilising a fine art scanner we are able to create a high resolution digital file of your art work. This can be upto 1200DPI and depending n the size of the original will can be made up of a number of high resolution images stitched together. This will leave us with a complete image of your art work in tiff format which we can then process through our workflow.
If we choose to use the photography method again we take a number of stills of your art work under a controlled studio lit environment and stitch all the stills together to again create the template of your digital file.
The colour space is controlled through the workflow process but it is at this stage that the corrections to the master file's tonality and hues are edited to directly match the original. This process is completed and the file is ready for a test print.
The test print is then assessed by the client. As we all see colour differently the next stage can be dependant on working with the client to find the correct balances within the colour and tonal ranges of the master file if the first test print needs any additional alteration. A further test print will be done and signed off by the client.
Now that the master file has been agreed the giclee prints can be produced. These can either be a run of a number for pints or the artist can print on demand to reduce stock handling and costs.
Power to the people
The press is not only free; it is powerful. That power is ours. It is the proudest that man can enjoy. It was not granted by monarchs, it was not gained for us by aristocracies; but it sprang from the people, and, with an immortal instinct, it has always worked for the people.Benjamin Disraeli